Serum calcium levels must be corrected as soon as possible by administering intravenous calcium gluconate slowly over 10-20 minutes. Limit the amount of grass and green pasture feeding to reduce the risk of grass Administer high energy low calcium feeds to improve productivity.
This is probably due to the relatively high production level for small breeds.
This will help the cows to utilize calcium much better.Some farmers prefer to take the precaution and inject the cow with calcium gluconate just before or after calving. The cow has a clearly observable difficulty while moving around and is generally dull. Older dams that have calved multiple times have a higher productivity, hence higher susceptibility to milk fever.The feeding regime during the closeup dry period has a great bearing as to whether a cow will suffer from milk fever or not.
Gradually increase the amount of milk over the period of 48 – 72 hours.Feeding plays a key role in preventing the occurrence of milk fever. You can find more information including dosage, side effects of the Fever (Pyrexia ) Medication. Cows only have a small amount of calcium circulating in their blood (about 10g) but they have a considerable reservoir of calcium stored in their bones (6,000g), and plenty in the food in their gut (100g). It is easier for the cow to mobilize calcium from the bones than from the feeds.Conduct mineral test for the feeds and check for availability of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, sulfur, and chloride. Once the cow has regained strength, add oral treatment to reinforce the IV.Always keep packets of calcium gluconate solution together with an injection kit for emergency situations. Administer the dose slowly to boost the blood calcium levels slowly.Take note that blood calcium will drop again after four hours, taking the cow back to a hypocalcaemic state. The information is supplied without obligation and on the understanding that any person who acts upon it, or otherwise changes his/her position in reliance thereon, does so entirely at his/her own risk.Maintaining animals in closed herds and flocks and at stocking rates that enables free-movement, reduces risks of disease spread and minimises environmental damage.The use of breeds and strains well-suited and adapted to the prevailing conditions.The implementation of herd and flock planning based on sound ecological practices and epidemiological knowledge.Avoid the use of mutilations as standard production practices.Improved understanding and conscientious usage of veterinary medicines.https://www.farmhealthonline.com/wp-content/plugins/zotpress/
Relapses of milk fever occur in 25% of cases treated. The advantage of this option is that the calcium gets absorbed in the intestines.However, some people may be reluctant to use this option because calcium gels ulcerate the oral cavity or the cow’s intestines. You can get this value as follows:Divide the concentration by the molar mass of glucose to get the concentration in mmol/lThe coefficient of concentration is (100 mg/dl)/(5.5 mmol/l) = 18What other progressive treatment options for milk fever exist?Since you are already here, you can as well enjoy reading these: After parturition, the cow needs even more calcium to replace what is lost through the colostrum. Drenching after injecting the cow will prevent relapse of milk fever.Make sure to contact your vet or animal health officer for guidance since every cow has a unique need.Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and directions carefully.The coefficient for converting concentrations into mmol/L from mg/dl: mg/dl/mmol/l = 18. A normal plasma concentration of calcium is between 8.8 – 10.4 mg per 100 ml (2.2 – 2.6 mmol/l).
Begin administering this ration to the cow two days before parturition and continue until two days after parturition.When the cows are about to calve down, keep a closer watch over them to allow you detect milk fever early should such an incidence occur.After parturition, gradually introduce calcium rich feeds and do not restrict the cow’s feeding. Administering large IV doses will not benefit a cow with milk fever much. Approximately 85% of cases will respond to one treatment: in many cases cows recumbent from milk fever will rise within 10 minutes of treatment and others will get up 2-4 hours later. The imbalance increases the cow’s risk to milk fever.Cows that get milk fever before parturition are attributed to the rapid fetal growth, which demands a lot of calcium. IV injection provides a rapid increase in blood calcium and provides the desired result almost instantly.Take caution while administering an IV treatment so that you do not end up killing the cow with a heart attack. You may observe constipation and the cow will have difficulty defecating or urinating since the smooth muscles will have paralysis. They shift body weight and have unbalanced gait, especially in the hind legs.
Propping the cow will help you expel the gas in the cow’s stomach and reduce flatulence. It is not advisable to breed from cows or sires with a history of recurrent milk fever. Peg the supplementation to 50,000 units per head per day for all the cows. Also, animals should be prevented from becoming overfat or having large changes in Ensure the diet of cows in late pregnancy is sufficient in magnesium to maintain plasma magnesium concentrations greater than 0.85 mmol/litre (1.8 mg/ 100 ml) as this aids parathyroid hormone production and release (It has been reported that diets high in strong cations, such as potassium and sodium, predispose cows to milk fever (A review of studies investigating dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) manipulation has shown a strong correlation between lowering DCAD and reducing the risk of clinical milk fever (Large doses of vitamin D3, or alphacalcidol and oral calcium supplementation have been suggested during the week before calving in conventional, high-input farming (In summary, there are important aspects of the DCAD principle applicable in low input and organic farming, but feeding a “full DCAD” diet requires a very controlled feeding regime (Total Mixed Ration) and regular close monitoring (e.g.
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