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In the 15th century the line of The Medici were originally of Tuscan peasant origin, from the village of Cafaggiolo in the Mugello, the valley of the Sieve, north of Florence.

The last de Medici ruler died in 1737, which brought the dynasty to an abrupt end after 3 centuries of dominance.

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But their policy of consolidating their position by controlling the government—the work of the descendants of Chiarissimo II (himself the grandson of the first known Medici)—resulted in 50 years of serious misfortunes for the family (1343–93).His grandson Salvestro took up his policy of alliance with the A distant cousin of Salvestro was Averardo de’ Medici (or Bicci), whose progeny became the famous Medici of history. The most likely theories, however, are that the balls originally represent coins copied from the coat of arms of the Guild of Moneychangers (Arte del Cambio) to which the Medici belonged. Medici Family Tree Chart. In 1536, Alessandro de' Medici married Charles V's daughter, Margaret of Austria; however, the following year he was assassinated by a resentful cousin, Another outstanding figure of the 16th-century Medici family was Cosimo I, who rose from relatively modest beginnings in the Ferdinando eagerly assumed the government of Tuscany. Perhaps God wills that this war, which began in the blood of my brother and of myself, should be ended by any means. The Medici produced four Popes of the Catholic Church—The Medicis' wealth and influence was initially derived from the textile trade guided by the wool guild of Florence, the The Medici Bank, from when it was created in 1397 to its fall in 1494, was one of the most prosperous and respected institutions in Europe, and the Medici family was considered the wealthiest in Europe for a time.

Some of these villagers, in the 12th century perhaps, became aware of the new opportunities afforded by commerce and emigrated to Florence. This is the branch of Cosimo's brother, Lorenzo, called the "Popolano" Branch, which gave rise to the Grand-Dukes of Tuscany:

Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In 1535, Ippolito Cardinal de' Medici died under mysterious circumstances. Throughout history, four popes emerged from the De Medici family.

The Medici, however, were able to escape this fate and even took advantage of it to establish themselves among the city’s elite. I go full of hope, praying to God to give me grace to perform what every citizen should at all times be ready to perform for his country.Minerva, Mercury and Pluto pay homage to the Electress Anna Maria Luisa de' MediciThe Medieval World – Europe 1100–1350 by Friedrich Heer, 1998 GermanyThe name in Italian is pronounced with the stress on the first syllable /ˈmɛ .di.tʃi/ and not on the second vowel.Austria and Spain were ruled by the House of Habsburg; the two are interchangeable terms for the Habsburg domains in the time period in question.

From Leo's election as pope in 1513 to his death in 1521, Florence was overseen, in turn, by Clement VII's tumultuous pontificate was dominated by a rapid succession of political crises – many long in the making – that resulted in the After securing Alessandro de' Medici's dukedom, Pope Clement VII married off his first cousin, twice removed, In 1534, following a lengthy illness, Pope Clement VII died – and with him the stability of the Medici's "senior" branch. The greatest accomplishments of the Medici were in the sponsorship of art and architecture, mainly early and High Renaissance art and architecture.

In reward, Charlemagne is said to have rewarded Averardo with the shield mauled by the giant, with the dents in the shape of balls, and the giant's lands in Mugello. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Three lines of Medici successively approached or acquired positions of power. Those being Leo X, Clement VII, PIUS IV and Leon XI. In 1605, Ferdinando succeeded in getting his candidate, Alessandro de' Medici, elected In France, Marie de' Medici was acting as regent for her son, Cosimo's elder son, Ferdinando, was not yet of legal maturity to succeed him, thus Maria Maddalena and his grandmother, Christina of Lorraine, acted as regents. His son Giovanni di Bicci de’ Medici (1360–1429), considered the first of the great Medici, inherited the family business based on cloth and silk manufacturing and on banking operations and made the family powerfully prosperous. Anna Maria Luisa was offered a nominal The "Lorrainers", as the occupying forces were called, were popularly loathed, but the regent, the Prince de Craon, allowed the electress to live unperturbed in the The electress donated much of her fortune to charity: £4,000 a month.The extinction of the main Medici dynasty and the accession in 1737 of As a consequence, the grand duchy expired and the territory became a The greatest accomplishments of the Medici were in the sponsorship of After Lorenzo's death, the puritanical Dominican friar Later, in Rome, the Medici popes continued in the family tradition of patronizing artists in Rome. The origin of the Medici coat of arms is not recorded. Features

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