FORMATION The Himalayas were formed about 70 million years ago when there was movement in the Australian and Euarasion tectonic plates.
Black bears, langur monkeys, clouded leopards, and goat antelopes live in the foothills.
These mountains pose the greatest challenge in the world to mountaineers.The most characteristic features of the Himalayas are their great height, complex geologic structure, snowcapped peaks, large valley glaciers, deep river gorges, and rich vegetation. This enchanted Shangri-La stretches across Nepal, Bhutan, northeast India, southeast Tibet and northern Myanmar.
Rainfall decreases from east to west—120 to 60 inches (300 to 150 centimeters). Many glaciers are melting and forming lakes prone to bursting and downstream flooding.
The Himalayas, which stretch over 2400 km between the Namche Barwa syntaxis in Tibet and the Nanga Parbat syntaxis in Pakistan/India (disputed), are the result of an ongoing orogeny — the result of a collision of the continental crust of two tectonic plates.
Our goal is to make sure plant and animal species can thrive and at the same time local communities are able to maintain and improve their livelihoods.
Rice, corn, wheat, millet, jute, sugarcane, and oilseeds are the major crops.
Traditional water springs have dried up, limiting the water supply.
We also work to empower communities to protect sacred lands.Three people in a small room—that was the start of WWF’s office in Nepal in 1993 even though we had been supporting conservation efforts in the country from the 1960s.
There are only two narrow-gauge railroads from the northern plains of India into the Lesser Himalayas—one from Kalka to Shimla and the other from Shiliguri to Darjeeling.The Himalayas were mapped for the first time in 1590 by a Spanish missionary to the court of the Mughal emperor Akbar.
The first phase occurred at the close of the Eocene epoch (about 33 million years ago) when the Great and Tethys Himalayas were uplifted.
Most of the fruit orchards—producing apples, peaches, pears, and cherries—are in the Kashmir and the Kulu valleys.
Saffron, walnuts, and almonds are also grown in the Vale of Kashmir.
Himalayas, Nepali Himalaya, great mountain system of Asia forming a barrier between the Plateau of Tibet to the north and the alluvial plains of the Indian subcontinent to the south.
We also empower local communities and improve livelihoods by establishing community forestry groups that enable communities to benefit from forests by managing and restoring them.More than 70 percent of Bhutan’s land is covered by intact forests.
The final mountain-building phase started in the late Neogene period (about 7 million years ago) when the Siwalik Range, the foothills of the Outer Himalayas, were formed.The Himalayas act as a great divide and influence the climatic conditions of the Indian subcontinent to the south and of the Central Asian highland to the north.
Farmers’ crops suffer from changing patterns of rainfall, which threatens the food security of the local people.
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Bhutan is one of the world’s 10 most biodiverse countries. Modern maps of the Himalayas have been prepared by Indian and German geographers and cartographers.
The uplift took place in at least three phases.
During winter they descend to the lowlands in search of food for their herds, but in summer they return to the higher pastures. Wildlife poaching and illegal harvesting of valuable medicinal plants have decreased.
It is a high-altitude bird, prefer to live in high mountainous slopes at a height of 6880 to 14800 feet above sea level. The region is the birthplace of the Buddha, and is full of sacred natural sites such as secret valleys and high mountain lakes that predate ancient Hinduism.The Himalayas face many challenges, and governments are under pressure to provide for their people and secure their natural heritage.
To learn more about cookies and your cookie choices, The Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej belong to the Indus system; the Yamuna, Ramganga, Kali, Gandak, and Kosi are part of the Ganges system; and the Tista, Raidak, and Manas belong to the Brahmaputra system.
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